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Eczema in Children

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Overview

   Atopic dermatitis, generally referred to as eczema, is the most common chronic, relapsing inflammatory skin disease in children. In the United States, an estimated 20% of children suffer from eczema, with most cases (about 85%) presenting by 5 years of age. Among chronic childhood diseases, it ranks high on the list for impaired of quality of life. Fortunately, for most individuals the condition resolves by adulthood.

   Eczema can cause considerable distress for both children and their caregivers, and considerable financial burden. This issue briefly reviews the cause and symptoms of eczema and current treatment strategies. Key management points are reviewed including the difference between treating flares and maintaining remission, skin care recommendations, and trigger avoidance. The potential role of probiotics is discussed, and the use of topical corticosteroids and the topical calcineurin inhibitors tacrolimus (Protopic®) and pimecrolimus (Elidel®) are discussed in detail. A comprehensive topical steroid product table categorized by potency is included. The more limited roles of antibiotics, antihistamines, phototherapy, and immunomodulators are also described.

Details

Publication Date: 06/01/2009
Expiration Date: 06/01/2012
CE Credit: 1.5 (0.15 CEU)
Type of Activity: Knowledge-based

This program was developed by The Rx Consultant and published by Continuing Education Network, Inc. The Rx Consultant accepts no advertising or financial support from the pharmaceutical industry and is funded solely by the purchase of programs. The Rx Consultant is dedicated to providing unbiased, balanced information to health care practitioners.

Programs developed by The Rx Consultant are written by health care providers with expertise in the topic area, peer-reviewed, extensively edited, and fact-checked. This development process was created to insure that every program presents information that is current, accurate, relevant to "real world" health care providers, and written in an easy reading, "plain English" style.

Authors

Cynthia Chan Huang, PharmD, MBA, Drug Information Specialist, Knowledge and Content Manager, TheraDoc; Adjunct Faculty, TJ Long School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA. Kimmy Ngo, PharmD, Clinical Pharmacist Specialist, Ambulatory Care, Riverside Kaiser Permanente. Adjunct Professor of Pharmacy Practice, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, CA.

Disclosure Statement

Dr. Huang and Dr. Ngo report no financial or personal relationships with any commercial interest producing, marketing, reselling or distributing a product or service that appears in this in this issue.

Target Audience

This accredited program is targeted to pharmacists and nurses.

Goals & Objectives

At the conclusion of this program, participants will be able to:

    1. Describe the usual appearance of eczema in children and determine appropriate strategies for prevention and treatment.
    2. Counsel parents and patients on basic skin care techniques and the appropriate application of topical medications for eczema.
    3. Recognize the common triggers for eczema flare-ups.
    4. List side effects and monitoring parameters for drugs used in the treatment of eczema.

Accreditation Statements

The Rx Consultant is a publication of Continuing Education Network, Inc. Continuing Education Network, Inc. is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.

Continuing Education Network is approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 13118. Programs approved by CA BRN are accepted by most State Boards of Nursing.

Exam & Credit Statement Procedures

Upon successful completion of this program and the post test (70%), 1.5 hours of continuing education credit will be awarded. To receive credit and your exam score, please complete the exam questions and program evaluation.

Editorial and Review Board

Editor and CE Administrator

Terry M. Baker, PharmD

Associate Editor and CE Coordinator

Tracy Farnen, PharmD

Associate Editors

James Chan, PharmD, PhD
Pharmacy Quality and Outcomes Coordinator
Kaiser Permanente
Oakland, CA

Associate Clinical Professor
School of Pharmacy
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, CA

Ron Finley, RPh
Lecturer
Department of Clinical Pharmacy
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, CA

Associate Member of the UCSF Memory and Aging Center
Alzheimer's Research Center

Consultant Pharmacist to the Institute on Aging-On Lok Senior Health
Institute on Aging Alzheimer's Day Care Center

Angie S. Graham, PharmD
Drug Information Coordinator
Stanford Hospital and Clinics
Stanford University Medical Center
Stanford, CA

Julio R. Lopez, PharmD, FCSHP
Chief of Pharmacy Service
VA Northern California Health Care System

Adjunct Clinical Professor
College of Pharmacy
Touro University
Vallejo, CA

Assistant Clinical Professor
School of Pharmacy
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, CA

Adjunct Professor
Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy
University of the Pacific
Stockton, CA

Visiting Associate Professor and Lecturer
Nursing School
Samuel Merritt University
Oakland, CA

Pamela Mausner, MD

Joshua J. Neumiller, PharmD, CDE, CGP, FASCP
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacotherapy
College of Pharmacy
Washington State University
And
Elder Services of Spokane
Spokane, WA

Candy Tsourounis, PharmD
Professor of Clinical Pharmacy
Medication Outcomes Center
Department of Clinical Pharmacy
School of Pharmacy
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, CA

Senior Editorial Advisor

Gerard Hatheway, PharmD, PhD

Editorial Advisors

Jocelyn Chan, PharmD
Belinda M. Danielson, RPh
Christopher M. DeSoto, PharmD
Cynthia Chan Huang, PharmD, MBA
Fred Plageman, PharmD


Editorial Advisor and Clinical Practice Consultant for Nurse Practitioners

Emily K. Meuleman, RN, C, MS

About the Rx Consultant

The Rx Consultant is a monthly publication dedicated to providing health care professionals with the information they need to educate patients about drugs and manage drug therapy. The reader is responsible for confirming the information presented here and interpreting it in relation to each patient's specific situation before utilizing the information.

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