RxConsultant.com

Save time, stay current, and earn CE. You can rely on The Rx Consultant to deliver practical easy-reading updates on drugs & therapy for front-line pharmacists and nurses.

CE for this article is no longer valid.
Non Subscriber: Buy This Issue

Medication Misuse in Children and
Adolescents

Clicking the "View this Article" button will open the issue as a resizable PDF. To take the test for the issue, return to this Introduction page and click the "Take the Test" button. The Introduction page will remain open after you open this issue. You may need to re-size or close the issue in order to see the Introduction page.

Overview

The misuse of prescription and OTC medications in children and teens is a critical area in which community healthcare providers, and pharmacists in particular, can have a great impact. Medications can be misused unintentionally (or even maliciously) by parents and other caregivers, or abused by children and teens themselves. This issue provides a clear overview of the common causes of medication misuse and the potentially harmful consequences.

The ways in which a child’s changing physiology and anatomy can dramatically affect the distribution and clearance of medications, and thus impact dosing, is described. The most common dosing errors parents make, the OTC medications that are potentially dangerous for children, and the medications most likely to be abused by teens are discussed in detail. Medications that are intentionally used to sedate or calm children are also reviewed. Whether misuse is unintentional, intentional, or malicious, the key educational strategies detailed in this issue will enable healthcare providers to improve the safety of medication use in children and teens.

Details

Publication Date: 12/01/2010
Expiration Date: 12/01/2013
CE Credit: 1.5 (0.15 CEU)
Type of Activity: Knowledge-based

This program was developed by The Rx Consultant and published by Continuing Education Network, Inc. The Rx Consultant accepts no advertising or financial support from the pharmaceutical industry and is funded solely by the purchase of programs. The Rx Consultant is dedicated to providing unbiased, balanced information to health care practitioners.

Programs developed by The Rx Consultant are written by health care providers with expertise in the topic area, peer-reviewed, extensively edited, and fact-checked. This development process was created to insure that every program presents information that is current, accurate, relevant to "real world" health care providers, and written in an easy reading, "plain English" style.

Authors

Roger S. Klotz, RPh, BCNSP, FASCP, FACA, FCPhA, Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice and Administration, Western University of Health Sciences College of Pharmacy, Pomona, CA; Allison Jun, PharmD, Clinical Pharmacy Manager, NICU Pharmacist, Children's Hospital of Orange County, CA; Christine Bang, PharmD, Children's Hospital of Orange County, CA; Helen Le, PharmD, Clinical Pharmacy Resident, Children's Hospital of Orange County, CA; and Sam Shimomura, PharmD, FASHP, CGP, Associate Dean, Professor of Pharmacy Practice and Administration, Western University of Health Sciences College of Pharmacy, Pomona, CA. The authors would like to acknowledge Sandip Patel, PharmD Candidate 2011, for his contribution to this issue. Guest Editor: Sarah Scarpace Lucas, PharmD, BCPS, Pediatric Clinical Pharmacist, UCSF Children's Hospital and Assistant Clinical Professor, UCSF School of Pharmacy.

Disclosure Statement

The authors report no financial or personal relationship with any commercial interest producing, marketing, reselling, or distributing a product or service that appears in this issue.

Target Audience

This accredited program is targeted to pharmacists and nurses.

Goals & Objectives

At the conclusion of this program, participants will be able to:

    1. Describe the physiological differences in children that can affect drug disposition.
    2. Identify sources of dosing confusion for parents that may lead to unintentional misuse of OTC medications.
    3. Describe the prevalence of intentional medication misuse among adolescents. List 2 drug classes caregivers have maliciously misused in children.

Accreditation Statements

The Rx Consultant is a publication of Continuing Education Network, Inc. Continuing Education Network, Inc. is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.

Continuing Education Network is approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 13118. Programs approved by CA BRN are accepted by most State Boards of Nursing.

Exam & Credit Statement Procedures

Upon successful completion of this program and the post test (70%), 1.5 hours of continuing education credit will be awarded. To receive credit and your exam score, please complete the exam questions and program evaluation.

Editorial and Review Board

Editor and CE Administrator

Terry M. Baker, PharmD

Associate Editor and CE Coordinator

Tracy Farnen, PharmD

Associate Editors

James Chan, PharmD, PhD
Pharmacy Quality and Outcomes Coordinator
Kaiser Permanente
Oakland, CA

Associate Clinical Professor
School of Pharmacy
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, CA

Ron Finley, RPh
Lecturer
Department of Clinical Pharmacy
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, CA

Associate Member of the UCSF Memory and Aging Center
Alzheimer's Research Center

Consultant Pharmacist to the Institute on Aging-On Lok Senior Health
Institute on Aging Alzheimer's Day Care Center

Angie S. Graham, PharmD
Drug Information Coordinator
Stanford Hospital and Clinics
Stanford University Medical Center
Stanford, CA

Julio R. Lopez, PharmD, FCSHP
Chief of Pharmacy Service
VA Northern California Health Care System

Adjunct Clinical Professor
College of Pharmacy
Touro University
Vallejo, CA

Assistant Clinical Professor
School of Pharmacy
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, CA

Adjunct Professor
Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy
University of the Pacific
Stockton, CA

Visiting Associate Professor and Lecturer
Nursing School
Samuel Merritt University
Oakland, CA

Pamela Mausner, MD

Joshua J. Neumiller, PharmD, CDE, CGP, FASCP
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacotherapy
College of Pharmacy
Washington State University
And
Elder Services of Spokane
Spokane, WA

Candy Tsourounis, PharmD
Professor of Clinical Pharmacy
Medication Outcomes Center
Department of Clinical Pharmacy
School of Pharmacy
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, CA

Senior Editorial Advisor

Gerard Hatheway, PharmD, PhD

Editorial Advisors

Jocelyn Chan, PharmD
Belinda M. Danielson, RPh
Christopher M. DeSoto, PharmD
Cynthia Chan Huang, PharmD, MBA
Fred Plageman, PharmD


Editorial Advisor and Clinical Practice Consultant for Nurse Practitioners

Emily K. Meuleman, RN, C, MS

About the Rx Consultant

The Rx Consultant is a monthly publication dedicated to providing health care professionals with the information they need to educate patients about drugs and manage drug therapy. The reader is responsible for confirming the information presented here and interpreting it in relation to each patient's specific situation before utilizing the information.

Contact Us

Exam Processing Inquiries

The Rx Consultant
mail@rxconsultant.com
1-800-798-3353

Educational Content Inquiries

The Rx Consultant
editor@rxconsultant.com
1-800-798-3353

CE for this article is no longer valid.
Non Subscriber: Buy This Issue