Clicking the "View this Article" button will open the issue as a resizable PDF. To take the test for
the issue, return to this Introduction page and click the "Take the Test" button. The Introduction
page will remain open after you open this issue.
You may need to re-size or close the issue in order to see the Introduction page.
Children often suffer from viral upper respiratory infections or “the common cold,” with symptoms of congestion, rhinorrhea (runny nose), cough and fever. Children typically experience 3 to 8 colds per year. Colds have a substantial impact on school attendance, resulting in an estimated 189 million days of absence each year. Considering children and adults together, colds account for $17 billion in direct medical costs and $22.5 billion in indirect costs (including absenteeism and missed caregiver work days) annually in the US.Colds are usually self-limiting, but non-drug measures and over-the-counter (OTC) medications may relieve bothersome symptoms. Although many OTC medications are recognized as safe and effective in the FDA's OTC monograph,clinical trial evidence in pediatric patients is often limited. In 2001, concerns escalated about serious adverse effects and deaths among infants and young children related to cough and cold medications. These reports led to a 2008 decision by the FDA to provide guidance that cough and cold products should be avoided in children under the age of 2 years.
This program was developed by The Rx Consultant and published by Continuing Education Network, Inc. The Rx Consultant accepts no advertising or financial support from the pharmaceutical industry and is funded solely by the purchase of programs. The Rx Consultant is dedicated to providing unbiased, balanced information to health care practitioners.
Programs developed by The Rx Consultant are written by health care providers with expertise in the topic area, peer-reviewed, extensively edited, and fact-checked. This development process was created to insure that every program presents information that is current, accurate, relevant to "real world" health care providers, and written in an easy reading, "plain English" style.
The Rx Consultant is a publication of Continuing Education Network, Inc.
ACPE Universal Activity Number: 0428-0000-20-010-H01-P
Chief Editor and CE Administrator
Terry M. Baker, PharmD
Tracy Farnen, PharmD
James Chan, PharmD, PhD
Pharmacy Quality and Outcomes Coordinator
Associate Clinical Professor
Richard Ron Finley, B.S. Pharm.,R.Ph.
Consult Pharmacist Aging and Adult Health Services
Julio R. Lopez, PharmD, FCSHP
Adjunct Clinical Professor
Assistant Clinical Professor
Visiting Associate Professor and Lecturer
Pamela Mausner, MD
Helen Berlie, Pharm.D. CDE, BCACP
Ambulatory Care Specialist - Diabetes
Senior Editorial Advisor
Gerard Hatheway, PharmD, PhD
Belinda M. Danielson, RPh
Christopher M. DeSoto, PharmD
Angie S. Graham, PharmD
Cynthia Chan Huang, PharmD, MBA
Fred Plageman, PharmD
Editorial Advisor and Clinical Practice Consultant for Nurse Practitioners
Meuleman, RN, C, MS
Any hardware that supports Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac OS, iOS, or Android, and meets the software requirements.
Browser that supports TLS 1.1 + and PDF files.
This includes Microsoft Internet Explorer 11, Google Chrome 38, Google Android OS 5.0 Browser, Apple Safari (version 7 for desktop, 5 for mobile), Mozilla Firefox 27, newer versions of these browsers, as well as some earlier versions that may require additional configuration.
Adobe Acrobat Reader is recommended, and is required for some browsers.
Note: TLS 1.1 and 1.2 support is required for browser security. Click here for TLS browser support details.
Required. Broadband recommended. (T1, DSL, Cable, G4 or higher.)