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Cholesterol Management - Understanding the 2018 Guideline

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Overview

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), which includes high blood pressure, stroke, heart failure, and coronary heart disease, is prevalent and costly. Coronary heart disease is the most common form, accounting for 43% of all deaths attributed to CVD. The underlying pathophysiology of CVD is atherosclerosis; hence the term atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Risk factor management and treatment are essential to prevent CVD progression, cardiovascular events, and costly healthcare. It is important for both prescribers and pharmacists to educate patients about a heart healthy lifestyle and promote adherence to drug therapy to prevent disease progression and lower the costs associated with CVD.

In November 2018, the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) cholesterol guideline was published online. The writing committee included physicians from several specialty areas, pharmacists, a nurse practitioner, a physician assistant, and a layperson. In addition to the ACC/AHA, the writing committee included representatives from 10 other national organizations. The guideline provides an evidence-based and patient-centered approach to the assessment and treatment of ASCVD. The 2018 guideline builds on many of the concepts introduced in the 2013 ACC/AHA cholesterol guideline, including the emphasis on using a high or moderate-intensity statin as first-line therapy based on patient risk, the use of the 10-year ASCVD risk estimator for certain patients, measuring lipids to monitor response to therapy and adherence, and the patient-clinician discussion...

Details

Publication Date: 05/22/2019
Expiration Date: 05/22/2022
CE Credit: 1.5 (0.15 CEU)
Type of Activity: Knowledge-based

This program was developed by The Rx Consultant and published by Continuing Education Network, Inc. The Rx Consultant accepts no advertising or financial support from the pharmaceutical industry and is funded solely by the purchase of programs. The Rx Consultant is dedicated to providing unbiased, balanced information to health care practitioners.

Programs developed by The Rx Consultant are written by health care providers with expertise in the topic area, peer-reviewed, extensively edited, and fact-checked. This development process was created to insure that every program presents information that is current, accurate, relevant to "real world" health care providers, and written in an easy reading, "plain English" style.

Authors

Kim K. Birtcher, PharmD, MS, BCPS (AQ Cardiology), CDE, FNLA, AACC is a Clinical Professor at the University of Houston College of Pharmacy. She is also a clinical pharmacist at Kelsey-Seybold Cardiology Clinic in Houston, Texas where she is responsible for the Secondary Prevention Lipid Clinic. Her teaching and research interests are in cardiovascular risk reduction and quality improvement initiatives. Dr. Birtcher is an active member in the American College of Cardiology, and she was on the writing committee for the 2018 ACC/AHA Cholesterol Guideline.

Disclosure Statement

Disclosure: Dr. Birtcher reports no financial relationship with the manufacturer(s) or provider(s) of any commercial product(s) or service(s) that appear in this issue.

Target Audience

This accredited program is targeted to pharmacists .

Goals & Objectives

At the conclusion of this program, participants will be able to:

    1. Compare and contrast the 2013 and 2018 ACC/AHA cholesterol guidelines; list key similarities and differences.
    2. Summarize the terms "primary prevention" and "secondary prevention" as applied to cardiovascular disease. Describe the risk assessment calculators that should be used for each patient to calculate the risk of developing ASCVD.
    3. List the 4 statin benefit groups; recognize which patients would be placed in each group. Recommend a statin regimen based on the group a patient is placed in and/or whether they are part of a special population at risk for ASCVD.
    4. Discuss guideline implementation strategies and provide patient counseling tips about statins and related muscle effects, liver dysfunction, and new-onset diabetes.

Accreditation Statements

The Rx Consultant is a publication of Continuing Education Network, Inc.

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Continuing Education Network, Inc. is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.

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Continuing Education Network is approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 13118. Programs approved by CA BRN are accepted by most State Boards of Nursing.

ACPE Universal Activity Number: 0428-0000-19-007-H01-P


Exam & Credit Statement Procedures

Upon successful completion of this program and the post test (70%), 1.5 hours of continuing education credit will be awarded. To receive credit and your exam score, please complete the exam questions and program evaluation.

Editorial and Review Board

Chief Editor and CE Administrator


Terry M. Baker, PharmD

Managing Editor


Tracy Farnen, PharmD

Associate Editors


James Chan, PharmD, PhD
Pharmacy Quality and Outcomes Coordinator
Kaiser Permanente
Oakland, CA

Associate Clinical Professor
School of Pharmacy
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, CA

Richard Ron Finley, B.S. Pharm.,R.Ph.
Clinical Pharmacist (volunteer faculty)
University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Memory and Aging Center
Lecturer (Emeritus) UCSF, Department of Clinical Pharmacy
Health Sciences Clinical Professor, UCSF School of Pharmacy
San Francisco, CA

Consultant Pharmacist
Ray Dolby Brain Health Center, Sutter Health/CPMC
San Francisco, CA

Consult Pharmacist Aging and Adult Health Services
San Francisco Health Department
San Francisco, CA

Julio R. Lopez, PharmD, FCSHP
Chief of Pharmacy Service
VA Northern California Health Care System

Adjunct Clinical Professor
College of Pharmacy
Touro University
Vallejo, CA

Assistant Clinical Professor
School of Pharmacy
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, CA Adjunct Professor
Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy
University of the Pacific
Stockton, CA

Visiting Associate Professor and Lecturer
Nursing School
Samuel Merritt University
Oakland, CA

Pamela Mausner, MD

Helen Berlie, Pharm.D. CDE, BCACP
Clinical Assistant Professor, Pharmacy Practice
Wayne State University
Detroit, MI

Ambulatory Care Specialist - Diabetes
Health Centers Detroit Medical Group
Detroit, MI

Senior Editorial Advisor


Gerard Hatheway, PharmD, PhD

Editorial Advisors


Belinda M. Danielson, RPh
Christopher M. DeSoto, PharmD
Angie S. Graham, PharmD
Cynthia Chan Huang, PharmD, MBA
Fred Plageman, PharmD

Editorial Advisor and Clinical Practice Consultant for Nurse Practitioners


Emily K.
Meuleman, RN, C, MS

About the Rx Consultant

The Rx Consultant is a monthly publication dedicated to providing health care professionals with the information they need to educate patients about drugs and manage drug therapy. The reader is responsible for confirming the information presented here and interpreting it in relation to each patient's specific situation before utilizing the information.

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