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Immunization Update: A Focus on Medical Indications for Vaccines in Adults

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Overview

The Healthy People 2030 report, published by the US Department of Health and Human Services, includes targets for reducing vaccine preventable disease rates and increasing vaccination rates in all age groups. The report points out that requiring school-age children to get vaccinated, educating adolescents, adults, and older adults about the importance of vaccinations, sending vaccination reminders, and making it easier for people to get vaccines can help increase vaccination rates in our population. Vaccines are one of the most cost-effective clinical preventive services; however, thousands of people in the US do not receive them and suffer – even die – from vaccine preventable diseases. Since 2010, flu-related deaths in the US have ranged from 12,000 to 56,000 per year. Pneumococcal pneumonia leads to about 5,000 deaths every year, mostly among the elderly. As many as 1.4 million people currently suffer from hepatitis B, with liver cancer as a potential complication. A number of communities with pockets of unvaccinated and under-vaccinated children have had measles outbreaks.

Details

Publication Date: 01/22/2021
Expiration Date: 01/22/2024
CE Credit: 2.0 (0.20 CEU)
Type of Activity: Knowledge-based

This program was developed by The Rx Consultant and published by Continuing Education Network, Inc. The Rx Consultant accepts no advertising or financial support from the pharmaceutical industry and is funded solely by the purchase of programs. The Rx Consultant is dedicated to providing unbiased, balanced information to health care practitioners.

Programs developed by The Rx Consultant are written by health care providers with expertise in the topic area, peer-reviewed, extensively edited, and fact-checked. This development process was created to insure that every program presents information that is current, accurate, relevant to "real world" health care providers, and written in an easy reading, "plain English" style.

Authors

Jelena Lewis, PharmD, BCACP, APh is an Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice at Chapman University School of Pharmacy.She is also a faculty-in-residence at Providence St. Joseph Heritage Health where she provides care to patients with chronic disease states.

Albert T. Bach, PharmD, APh is an Assistant Professor of Pharmacy Practice at Chapman University, School of Pharmacy in Irvine, CA. He is also an ambulatory care pharmacist as a faculty-in-residence at the Providence St. Joseph Heritage Health medical group.

Disclosure Statement

Dr. Lewis and Dr. Bach reports no financial relationship with the manufacturer(s) or provider(s) of any commercial product(s) or service(s) that appear in this issue.

Target Audience

This accredited program is targeted to pharmacists .

Goals & Objectives

At the conclusion of this program, participants will be able to:

    1. List the vaccines and the number of doses that are recommended for young adults, middle aged adults, and older adults.
    2. Discuss vaccine-specific indications and contraindications for patients with altered immunocompetence, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and chronic lung, liver, or kidney disease.
    3. Discuss vaccine-specific indications and contraindications for pregnant women, men who have sex with men, and patients with an egg allergy.

Accreditation Statements

The Rx Consultant is a publication of Continuing Education Network, Inc.

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Continuing Education Network, Inc. is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.

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Continuing Education Network is approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 13118. Programs approved by CA BRN are accepted by most State Boards of Nursing.

ACPE Universal Activity Number: 0428-0000-21-001-H06-P


Exam & Credit Statement Procedures

Upon successful completion of this program and the post test (70%), 2.0 hours of continuing education credit will be awarded. To receive credit and your exam score, please complete the exam questions and program evaluation.

Editorial and Review Board

Chief Editor and CE Administrator


Terry M. Baker, PharmD

Managing Editor


Tracy Farnen, PharmD

Associate Editors


James Chan, PharmD, PhD
Pharmacy Quality and Outcomes Coordinator
Kaiser Permanente
Oakland, CA

Associate Clinical Professor
School of Pharmacy
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, CA

Richard Ron Finley, B.S. Pharm.,R.Ph.
Clinical Pharmacist (volunteer faculty)
University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Memory and Aging Center
Lecturer (Emeritus) UCSF, Department of Clinical Pharmacy
Health Sciences Clinical Professor, UCSF School of Pharmacy
San Francisco, CA

Consultant Pharmacist
Ray Dolby Brain Health Center, Sutter Health/CPMC
San Francisco, CA

Consult Pharmacist Aging and Adult Health Services
San Francisco Health Department
San Francisco, CA

Julio R. Lopez, PharmD, FCSHP
Chief of Pharmacy Service
VA Northern California Health Care System

Adjunct Clinical Professor
College of Pharmacy
Touro University
Vallejo, CA

Assistant Clinical Professor
School of Pharmacy
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, CA Adjunct Professor
Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy
University of the Pacific
Stockton, CA

Visiting Associate Professor and Lecturer
Nursing School
Samuel Merritt University
Oakland, CA

Pamela Mausner, MD

Helen Berlie, Pharm.D. CDE, BCACP
Clinical Assistant Professor, Pharmacy Practice
Wayne State University
Detroit, MI

Ambulatory Care Specialist - Diabetes
Health Centers Detroit Medical Group
Detroit, MI

Senior Editorial Advisor


Gerard Hatheway, PharmD, PhD

Editorial Advisors


Belinda M. Danielson, RPh
Christopher M. DeSoto, PharmD
Angie S. Graham, PharmD
Cynthia Chan Huang, PharmD, MBA
Fred Plageman, PharmD

Editorial Advisor and Clinical Practice Consultant for Nurse Practitioners


Emily K.
Meuleman, RN, C, MS

About the Rx Consultant

The Rx Consultant is a monthly publication dedicated to providing health care professionals with the information they need to educate patients about drugs and manage drug therapy. The reader is responsible for confirming the information presented here and interpreting it in relation to each patient's specific situation before utilizing the information.

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