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There has been an increase in prescription medications, mainly stimulants, for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) along with an explosion of new formulations. A 2016 CDC report estimates that about 9% of children 2 to 17 years of age (6.1 million) have been diagnosed with ADHD. Among the children with ADHD, 6 out of 10 were taking ADHD medication. The lifetime prevalence of ADHD has been estimated to be as high as 8.1%. In 2015, 4% of privately insured women ages 15 to 44 filled an ADHD prescription, most often for a stimulant such as mixed amphetamine salts or methylphenidate – a 344% increase compared to 2003.3 In 2016, the CDC reported that 3 out of 4 preschoolers diagnosed with ADHD were prescribed stimulants, despite a recommendation for behavior therapy alone for that age group.
This issue is the first of a 2-part review of ADHD. Part 1 focuses on stimulant and nonstimulant treatments for ADHD, including the advantages of certain formulations and delivery methods, common and serious adverse effects, and possible longterm effects. Part 2 is available online at rxconsultant.com and summarizes diagnosis and clinical presentation in all age groups (including adults), non-drug and behavioral interventions, clinically significant drug interactions with stimulants and nonstimulants, and the comorbid conditions that often accompany ADHD.
This program was developed by The Rx Consultant and published by Continuing Education Network, Inc. The Rx Consultant accepts no advertising or financial support from the pharmaceutical industry and is funded solely by the purchase of programs. The Rx Consultant is dedicated to providing unbiased, balanced information to health care practitioners.
Programs developed by The Rx Consultant are written by health care providers with expertise in the topic area, peer-reviewed, extensively edited, and fact-checked. This development process was created to insure that every program presents information that is current, accurate, relevant to "real world" health care providers, and written in an easy reading, "plain English" style.
The Rx Consultant is a publication of Continuing Education Network, Inc.
ACPE Universal Activity Number: 0428-0000-19-011-H01-P
Chief Editor and CE Administrator
Terry M. Baker, PharmD
Tracy Farnen, PharmD
James Chan, PharmD, PhD
Pharmacy Quality and Outcomes Coordinator
Associate Clinical Professor
Richard Ron Finley, B.S. Pharm.,R.Ph.
Consult Pharmacist Aging and Adult Health Services
Julio R. Lopez, PharmD, FCSHP
Adjunct Clinical Professor
Assistant Clinical Professor
Visiting Associate Professor and Lecturer
Pamela Mausner, MD
Helen Berlie, Pharm.D. CDE, BCACP
Ambulatory Care Specialist - Diabetes
Senior Editorial Advisor
Gerard Hatheway, PharmD, PhD
Belinda M. Danielson, RPh
Christopher M. DeSoto, PharmD
Angie S. Graham, PharmD
Cynthia Chan Huang, PharmD, MBA
Fred Plageman, PharmD
Editorial Advisor and Clinical Practice Consultant for Nurse Practitioners
Meuleman, RN, C, MS
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