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COVID-19 Update

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Overview

In December 2019, a novel coronavirus was linked to a deadly outbreak of pneumonia in Wuhan, China. This virus, named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2), quickly spread around the globe. The disease it causes, COVID-19, is a spectrum of acute and long-term syndromes ranging from asymptomatic infection to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). A variety of coagulopathic, neurologic, and psychiatric complications may also occur. The mortality rate has been staggering, with over 1.6 million deaths worldwide and over 302,000 deaths in the US as of December 15th,2020.

The US leads the world in the number of cases and deaths. Economic changes caused by COVID-19 are many and the impact is just beginning to be understood. Over the short term, COVID-19 has resulted in an increased unemployment rate, decreased hours of work / labor force participation, and in some cases, a significant loss of wages. Lost productivity resulting from illness must be accounted for, as well as the changes in how people can or cannot safely work, given the risks of transmission. Social distancing, quarantines, and travel restrictions have reduced the work force across all economic sectors. Those whose work requires proximity to others are generally more affected, while individuals who can work remotely are less so.

Details

Publication Date: 12/23/2020
Expiration Date: 12/23/2023
CE Credit: 1.5 (0.15 CEU)
Type of Activity: Knowledge-based

This program was developed by The Rx Consultant and published by Continuing Education Network, Inc. The Rx Consultant accepts no advertising or financial support from the pharmaceutical industry and is funded solely by the purchase of programs. The Rx Consultant is dedicated to providing unbiased, balanced information to health care practitioners.

Programs developed by The Rx Consultant are written by health care providers with expertise in the topic area, peer-reviewed, extensively edited, and fact-checked. This development process was created to insure that every program presents information that is current, accurate, relevant to "real world" health care providers, and written in an easy reading, "plain English" style.

Authors

Dr. Christina G. Rivera completed a PGY-1 Pharmacy residency at the University of Toledo in Toledo, OH and PGY-2 Pharmacy residency in Infectious Diseases at Mayo Clinic Rochester, MN. She is currently a practicing clinical Infectious Diseases pharmacist at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN. She is also an Instructor of Pharmacy for the Mayo Clinic Alix College of Medicine and adjunct faculty for Winona State University.

Disclosure Statement

Dr. Rivera reports no financial relationship with the manufacturer(s) or provider(s) of any commercial product(s) or service(s) that appear in this issue.

Target Audience

This accredited program is targeted to pharmacists .

Goals & Objectives

At the conclusion of this program, participants will be able to:

    1. Identify risk factors for severe COVID-19 and recognize key differences between influenza and COVID-19 symptoms. Compare and contrast the tests used to detect COVID-19 infection.
    2. Discuss the primary therapeutic agents for COVID-19; include effectiveness, side effects, and dosing.
    3. Counsel patients on the use of supplements, prevention, and supportive care for mild cases of COVID-19.

Accreditation Statements

The Rx Consultant is a publication of Continuing Education Network, Inc.

ACPE logo
Continuing Education Network, Inc. is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.

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Continuing Education Network is approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 13118. Programs approved by CA BRN are accepted by most State Boards of Nursing.

ACPE Universal Activity Number: 0428-0000-20-012-H01-P


Exam & Credit Statement Procedures

Upon successful completion of this program and the post test (70%), 1.5 hours of continuing education credit will be awarded. To receive credit and your exam score, please complete the exam questions and program evaluation.

Editorial and Review Board

Chief Editor and CE Administrator


Terry M. Baker, PharmD

Managing Editor


Tracy Farnen, PharmD

Associate Editors


James Chan, PharmD, PhD
Pharmacy Quality and Outcomes Coordinator
Kaiser Permanente
Oakland, CA

Associate Clinical Professor
School of Pharmacy
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, CA

Richard Ron Finley, B.S. Pharm.,R.Ph.
Clinical Pharmacist (volunteer faculty)
University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Memory and Aging Center
Lecturer (Emeritus) UCSF, Department of Clinical Pharmacy
Health Sciences Clinical Professor, UCSF School of Pharmacy
San Francisco, CA

Consultant Pharmacist
Ray Dolby Brain Health Center, Sutter Health/CPMC
San Francisco, CA

Consult Pharmacist Aging and Adult Health Services
San Francisco Health Department
San Francisco, CA

Julio R. Lopez, PharmD, FCSHP
Chief of Pharmacy Service
VA Northern California Health Care System

Adjunct Clinical Professor
College of Pharmacy
Touro University
Vallejo, CA

Assistant Clinical Professor
School of Pharmacy
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, CA Adjunct Professor
Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy
University of the Pacific
Stockton, CA

Visiting Associate Professor and Lecturer
Nursing School
Samuel Merritt University
Oakland, CA

Pamela Mausner, MD

Helen Berlie, Pharm.D. CDE, BCACP
Clinical Assistant Professor, Pharmacy Practice
Wayne State University
Detroit, MI

Ambulatory Care Specialist - Diabetes
Health Centers Detroit Medical Group
Detroit, MI

Senior Editorial Advisor


Gerard Hatheway, PharmD, PhD

Editorial Advisors


Belinda M. Danielson, RPh
Christopher M. DeSoto, PharmD
Angie S. Graham, PharmD
Cynthia Chan Huang, PharmD, MBA
Fred Plageman, PharmD

Editorial Advisor and Clinical Practice Consultant for Nurse Practitioners


Emily K.
Meuleman, RN, C, MS

About the Rx Consultant

The Rx Consultant is a monthly publication dedicated to providing health care professionals with the information they need to educate patients about drugs and manage drug therapy. The reader is responsible for confirming the information presented here and interpreting it in relation to each patient's specific situation before utilizing the information.

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Adobe Acrobat Reader is recommended, and is required for some browsers.

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