The Rx Consultant

CE for this article is no longer valid.
Non Subscriber: Add to Cart

Managing Urinary Incontinence in Older Adults

Clicking the "View this Article" button will open the issue as a resizable PDF. To take the test for the issue, return to this Introduction page and click the "Take the Test" button. The Introduction page will remain open after you open this issue.
You may need to re-size or close the issue in order to see the Introduction page.


Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common condition in older adults. An estimated 30% to 50% of elderly women and 20 to 30% of elderly men are affected. Up to 10% of all nursing home admissions are attributed to UI, and over 50% of nursing home residents have UI. Incontinence can have a profound effect on well-being and quality of life; sufferers often experience social isolation, anxiety, depression, impaired sexual relationships, insomnia (if nocturia occurs), and an increased risk of falls and fractures. Other health consequences include urinary tract infections and urosepsis from urinary retention and indwelling catheters, and skin infections and pressure ulcers from constant moisture and irritation. Among community dwelling individuals in the U.S., the total cost of care including evaluation, treatment, home care, and nursing home admission was an estimated $14 billion in 2000.

Despite its impact, UI is underreported by patients, underdetected by clinicians, and undertreated. Embarrassment, a belief among both patients and clinicians that UI is a normal part of aging, and an assumption that not much can be done for UI in older adults are key factors. Community healthcare providers can reduce the impact of UI by informing patients and other clinicians that effective management is attainable.

This issue will present an overview of UI and the recommended, stepwise approach for managing the most common types in older adults. This issue will review the medications used for the treatment of urge UI and overactive bladder (OAB), including 6 antimuscarinicantimuscarinic agents and newer medications such as mirabegron (MyrbetriqTM) and onabotulinumtoxinA (BOTOX®). Medications used in the management of stress UI will also be discussed.


Publication Date: 01/18/2013
Expiration Date: 01/18/2016
CE Credit: 1.5 (0.15 CEU)
Type of Activity: Knowledge-based

This program was developed by The Rx Consultant and published by Continuing Education Network, Inc. The Rx Consultant accepts no advertising or financial support from the pharmaceutical industry and is funded solely by the purchase of programs. The Rx Consultant is dedicated to providing unbiased, balanced information to health care practitioners.

Programs developed by The Rx Consultant are written by health care providers with expertise in the topic area, peer-reviewed, extensively edited, and fact-checked. This development process was created to insure that every program presents information that is current, accurate, relevant to "real world" health care providers, and written in an easy reading, "plain English" style.


Thomas E. Lackner, PharmD, CGP, FASCP, Tracy Farnen, PharmD and Pamela Mausner, MD

Disclosure Statement

Dr. Lackner, Dr. Farnen and Dr. Mausner report no financial or personal relationship with any commercial interest producing, marketing, reselling, or distributing a product or service that appears in this issue.

Target Audience

This accredited program is targeted to pharmacists and nurses.

Goals & Objectives

At the conclusion of this program, participants will be able to:

    1. Explain non-drug measures than can minimize the need for or intensity of drug therapy for urinary incontinence (UI).
    2. Describe the symptoms and prevalence of urge, stress and mixed UI. List 2 myths about UI in older adults.
    3. Indicate key drug therapies for each type of UI and overactive bladder syndrome.
    4. Describe the common and serious side effects of antimuscarinic agents. Counsel patients about side effects, including self-management and when to seek prompt medical attention.

Accreditation Statements

The Rx Consultant is a publication of Continuing Education Network, Inc.

ACPE logo
Continuing Education Network, Inc. is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.

California Board of Registered Nursing logo
Continuing Education Network is approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 13118. Programs approved by CA BRN are accepted by most State Boards of Nursing.

ACPE Universal Activity Number: 0428-0000-13-002-H01-P

Exam & Credit Statement Procedures

Upon successful completion of this program and the post test (70%), 1.5 hours of continuing education credit will be awarded. To receive credit and your exam score, please complete the exam questions and program evaluation.

Editorial and Review Board

Chief Editor and CE Administrator

Terry M. Baker, PharmD

Managing Editor

Tracy Farnen, PharmD

Associate Editors

James Chan, PharmD, PhD
Pharmacy Quality and Outcomes Coordinator
Kaiser Permanente
Oakland, CA

Associate Clinical Professor
School of Pharmacy
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, CA

Richard Ron Finley, B.S. Pharm.,R.Ph.
Clinical Pharmacist (volunteer faculty)
University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Memory and Aging Center
Lecturer (Emeritus) UCSF, Department of Clinical Pharmacy
Health Sciences Clinical Professor, UCSF School of Pharmacy
San Francisco, CA

Consultant Pharmacist
Ray Dolby Brain Health Center, Sutter Health/CPMC
San Francisco, CA

Consult Pharmacist Aging and Adult Health Services
San Francisco Health Department
San Francisco, CA

Julio R. Lopez, PharmD, FCSHP
Chief of Pharmacy Service
VA Northern California Health Care System

Adjunct Clinical Professor
College of Pharmacy
Touro University
Vallejo, CA

Assistant Clinical Professor
School of Pharmacy
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, CA Adjunct Professor
Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy
University of the Pacific
Stockton, CA

Visiting Associate Professor and Lecturer
Nursing School
Samuel Merritt University
Oakland, CA

Pamela Mausner, MD

Helen Berlie, Pharm.D. CDE, BCACP
Clinical Assistant Professor, Pharmacy Practice
Wayne State University
Detroit, MI

Ambulatory Care Specialist - Diabetes
Health Centers Detroit Medical Group
Detroit, MI

Senior Editorial Advisor

Gerard Hatheway, PharmD, PhD

Editorial Advisors

Belinda M. Danielson, RPh
Christopher M. DeSoto, PharmD
Angie S. Graham, PharmD
Cynthia Chan Huang, PharmD, MBA
Fred Plageman, PharmD

Editorial Advisor and Clinical Practice Consultant for Nurse Practitioners

Emily K.
Meuleman, RN, C, MS

About the Rx Consultant

The Rx Consultant is a monthly publication dedicated to providing health care professionals with the information they need to educate patients about drugs and manage drug therapy. The reader is responsible for confirming the information presented here and interpreting it in relation to each patient's specific situation before utilizing the information.

Technical Specifications

Hardware requirements

Any hardware that supports Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac OS, iOS, or Android, and meets the software requirements.

Software requirements

Browser that supports TLS 1.1 + and PDF files.

This includes Microsoft Internet Explorer 11, Google Chrome 38, Google Android OS 5.0 Browser, Apple Safari (version 7 for desktop, 5 for mobile), Mozilla Firefox 27, newer versions of these browsers, as well as some earlier versions that may require additional configuration.

Adobe Acrobat Reader is recommended, and is required for some browsers.

Note: TLS 1.1 and 1.2 support is required for browser security. Click here for TLS browser support details.

Internet Connectivity

Required. Broadband recommended. (T1, DSL, Cable, G4 or higher.)

Contact Us

Exam Processing Inquiries

The Rx Consultant

Educational Content Inquiries

The Rx Consultant

CE for this article is no longer valid.
Non Subscriber: Add to Cart